How Artificial Intelligence Is Edging Its Way Into Our Lives

Description: Artificial intelligence is here — and it’s bringing new possibilities, while also raising questions. Do these gadgets and services really behave as advertised?

Source: NYT.com

Date: Feb 12. 2018

Marc Benioff, the chief executive of Salesforce, blasted companies like Facebook on Tuesday for addicting children to their products and renewed his calls for more government regulation of the tech industry.

Mr. Benioff compared a new Facebook Messenger product for children to candy cigarettes, which he used to pretend to smoke as a boy.

“What do you think they were trying to get us to do with those?” Mr. Benioff asked onstage at the New Work Summit. “I don’t think this is any different now. They’re focused on the addictive nature of these user interfaces. At some point, we have to say, ‘Hold on.’”

Silicon Valley is nearing the point where moral lines will have to be drawn by the government since the industry is not regulating itself and does not seem to be guided by a “strong hand of ethics,” he said.  read rest of story

Questions:
1.  What are the two biggest opportunities for society presented by AI?

2. What are the two biggest problems for society presented by AI?

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83 thoughts on “How Artificial Intelligence Is Edging Its Way Into Our Lives

  1. Daman Singh

    One of the biggest opportunities and threats to society presented by AI is the fact that AI has made it possible to replace humans with machines. This means that mundane tasks performed by humans-that provide less job satisfaction due to their repetitious, boring nature, can be replaced by machines which can perform these tasks in a more efficient way. Though this means that companies are able to reduce costs by using machines to perform these tasks, after a certain point they need to involve humans for optimal performance. This situation poses as a threat because it means that humans would lose their jobs, and an opportunity because we can assume that the potential of those humans can be used in an area that is better suited for a living, capable brain vs. an algorithm. As mentioned in the article, Facebook uses artificial intelligence to automatically censor nudity and pornography, however, they have hired moderators that are able to judge whether a comment or post is appropriate. This would mean that they must consider the context of the post or comment, which an algorithm or machine would unable to do.
    One of the biggest problem faced by society due to AI is that we start to doubt the humans that we are dealing with. In reference to the article, Huawei attempted to sell their phones in the States, but they were not allowed to because it was believed that their gear may be used by Beijing to spy on Americans. This lead to major buyers declining to purchase their phones and making it difficult to enter the market. Because the government of the United States was doubtful of Huawei’s products, it won’t be difficult for other governments to follow suit which would effectively lead to the decline of the company’s profits.
    AI presents another problem for society in the form of self-driven cars. Though this may be an extremely innovative and effective solution, it is also extremely dangerous. Some tasks are meant to be performed by humans, which means that they need an active, functioning brain making the decisions- and driving is one of them. If an individual under the influence was to get behind the wheel, they would most likely end up in an accident injuring themselves or another individual. If they were to get into a self-driving car, they may reduce the chance of injuring someone, however, there is no guarantee that the car knows all of the rules and can adapt to sudden changes on the road.

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  2. Cheryl Desaunoy

    2. How Artificial Intelligence Is Edging Its Way into Our Lives
    Artificial Intelligence is being compared to the invention of electricity when describing its potential impact on our daily lives. Its ability to save millions of dollars and years of labour to fight crime, find cures for disease and address global climate change with equations of improvements and restoration has the knowledge-based community encouraged and excited, but the skeptics, sleepers and complacent public fearing the unknown and citing privacy and regulatory breaches. Artificial Intelligence has been embellished in its description with each presentation of capabilities and possibilities, to the dizzying height of a marketing monster that has traumatized the very people it was designed to protect and support. Somewhere along the path of invention and innovation, we have lost sight of the fact that AI could essentially solve problems and shorten human suffering by a hundred years or more, if we would use AI and Big DATA for those universal problems, involving a multitude of countries simultaneously. Frank Chen, Partner of Andreessen Horowitz compared using AI to “having a thousand interns to throw at a problem” in his address to the annual New Work Summit of technology executives, and investors. As these opportunities for improving society’s quality of life could be enhanced and generated by AI, the problems of ethical operations and the controversial conversation of a self-regulating industry replacing government guidelines to adhere to human rights of privacy and ethical use of the BIG DATA collected and analyzed by AI. We must remember that AI is one of the tools we can use to improve the safety of our communities; not be afraid AI’s capabilities. As with tobacco, alcohol and pornographic material, the importance lies in the human, ethical, application and administration of AI to aid in the governance and regulatory safe handling of these restricted products within a safe environment.

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  3. Callum Wallace

    I would say that the biggest opportunity posed be Artificial Intelligence would be that fact that our lives would become much more automated and, ultimately, simpler. Everyday convenience would perhaps be the biggest game changer for the masses as AI slowly creeps into our lives. Yes, there are near endless possibilities with this technology, but I feel the opportunity to make many lives easier would be something to be excited about. Also, I think the effect that this technology can have on the job market is an interesting opportunity. As the article said, the goal of AI should be to create as many jobs as it deems redundant. If this is possible and carried out, I think the work opportunities going forward could be extremely exciting.

    Similarly, if developers are eradicating jobs and careers and there are no viable replacement found for these displaced workers, then there could be a real issue at hand. This technology has the capacity to disrupt millions and millions of jobs and if it cannot replenish the job market with other opportunities then many people will struggle to get by. Another threat posed by AI derives from the same reason, it’s such an opportunity. The possibilities are near endless and the capabilities far exceed expectations of even 5 years ago. As privacy continues to be an issue online, people will be wondering what information this technology can extract from them and the violations of privacy that will result from it. Data is everything and data can be collected and used from anything.

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  4. Cody Dick

    1. What are the two biggest opportunities for society presented by AI?
    AI has the power to shape and influence the internet, they way business is conducted and streamline processes that would otherwise have taken lots of time and effort in the past. AI can help automatically remove illegal pictures and fraudulent news online before it is seen by anyone faster than human teams are capable. The ability for AI to solve human problems and increase our overall productivity without increasing human work time is something that is already making ways such as algorithms that tell you the fastest route to travel based on a network of other peoples devices plotting slowdowns.

    2. What are the two biggest problems for society presented by AI?
    AI’s strengths are its greatest weaknesses. It is already being used to censor and while removing for example illegal images of children is good the creators of AI could use it to censor and remove those with differing options from having an audience without their knowledge and shaping the information we get to influence us. AI also works best when fed bulk data from its users which presents privacy issues and breaches in security are possible.

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  5. Nicholas Herman

    I think one huge opportunity for artificial intelligence is the ability to have cars drive themselves. Tesla is leading in this space and is very interesting to me. I think a self-driving car would be very beneficial for society. Especially for the ability to have semis drive long distances without needed someone to be actually driving the semi the whole time. This could save money in wages and could save a lot of money in insurance and accidents. A self -driving car will not fall asleep at the wheel or need time to stop and eat or rest while on a long haul. If there is a driver needed in the semi they could sleep while the semi continues to drive. I know it might sound unethical but the ability to reduce drunk driving accidents could also be very beneficial to society. If a person leaves the bar drunk and decides to drive home, a self-driving car could save the lives of potential victims hit by the drunk driver. This could save lives and also save money for insurance companies. But this is also a major con of self driving cars. If you have the ability to go to the bar and have the car self drive you home after could substantially increase the number of drunk drivers. Especially with the legalization of weed coming up soon in the summer in Canada, this could increase the number of people that drive high. They would think it is ok to do because they are not actually driving but if they ever needed to override the system they are still under the influence and could harm other drivers on the road.

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  6. Brendan Ficiur

    One of the biggest problems, but also benefits with AI is that it can replace the jobs humans have done for years. The positive side is that it removes the need for tedious jobs to be done, which allows people to focus on the more interesting parts of their job. The negative side is the potential for it to do even the most mentally demanding or creative jobs. While I don’t know if this will ever happen, it would change how our society works in an unprecedented way.

    On of the opportunities with AI is to make the tech we use daily smarter. For example, services like Netflix can use it to better tailor their recommendations and the general user experience to the individual user. An example of this mentioned in the article is Facebook using it to try and eliminate face news. This brings us to a problem with AI, which is that right not the technology just isn’t there is a lot of places to get the results companies want. For example, Youtube is having troubles right now trying to implement their algorithm to remove or demonetize inappropriate videos. They claim that it uses machine learning to determine what should be removed and what is ok. The problem is that while it is learning, it is affecting lots of videos that don’t deserve it. The same thing could happen to Facebook if they are not careful, where legitimate news or different perspective gets flagged as fake news. While machines can go through quantities of data that humans can not, in these cases they can’t capture the nuances a human can.

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  7. Joshua Wong

    The opportunities for artificial intelligence technologies in society are massive. Artificial intelligence can augment existing systems or completely remake existing systems. While AI has the potential to close past doors at the same time new opportunities and industry would open up. In some cases where human error can have large consequences the AI can help to prevent losses of property and life. AI would be able to streamline efficiency and lower costs to businesses and expand consumer interaction. However, AI also has issues that come along with it such as ethical usage. Depending on how a company uses the resources the AI can generate such as user data companies can manipulate consumers. This is constantly happening in the world now without AI and without safeguards this can spiral out of control. This is seen with loot boxes and other item drop system on mobile devices and video games. Personal privacy could be violated and the replacement of human jobs to robots as I mentioned previously is another issue. Regulations by government are needed to safeguard privacy and ensure security. As AI is still in development we might not know of the potential issues using this technology further down the line.

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  8. Clarke Binning

    One of the biggest opportunities for AI is eliminating jobs which humans do not need to do. Jobs such as assembly and sorting, manufacturing, ect. Companies will be able to save money from AI and will not have to worry about things like workers compensation or any other extra perks that humans would like/need. A large problem with AI is where do the people go? Millions will be displaced from their jobs, and with AI upcoming in the near future it is necessary to understand new jobs or opportunities for people to earn wages. A problem with trust would be another factor, the idea that someone in a government facility is watching your every move is quite the frightful one. The principle is how much money are you willing to trade for having your privacy.

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  9. Jake Ichelson

    1. What are the two biggest opportunities for society presented by AI?
    The biggest opportunities society is being presented with by the advancements and implementation of Artificial Intelligence is its ability to totally revamp the way companies and organizations conduct business. Artificial Intelligence has the ability to completely eliminate the possibility of human error and maximize efficiency in whatever industry it is implemented in. This helps reduce costs for businesses and if used ethically; should improve costs for consumers and the consumers experience when using services or purchasing products.

    2. What are the two biggest problems for society presented by AI?
    The biggest problems facing the use of Artificial Intelligence in every day society is the ever growing unethical uses they present. Organizations could use the expansive knowledge that Artificial Intelligence carries and the algorithms they create to further hook both young and old into becoming addicted to certain products and spending all their time and money into things that provide zero benefit for the consumer. Another problem for society is Artificial Intelligence’s ability to replace human workers. If used unethically A.I could at some point completely take over the labour force of certain industries, thus displacing huge amounts of hard workers who may not have many options due to lack of opportunities or education.

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  10. Carson Kleiboer

    Artificial Intelligence is arguably the future of the technological world. It appears to have many benefits in robotics, automotive and even our cell phones. A massive potential benefit to AI is for applications such as how Facebook uses it to screen out nudity off of peoples news feeds. It would also be beneficial in that same aspect as to screen out fake news articles or fake propaganda. Another potential use for Facebook would be the utilization of AI to screen out potential racism out of comment boards. AI has major potential benefits to the human race if it can be kept under control. Another major potential for AI that I see is the integration of it into our everyday lives through modems such as our cell phones or automobiles. 2 of the largest problems with AI to me would be its invasion of personal privacy. For example on Facebook it screens the videos you watch in order to recommend other videos that are similar that you might like. Another major problem is when is it okay for companies to use AI technologies on their consumers. For example AI is used rigorously throughout social media sites and more in order to collect data from people in order to better market to them. In retrospect the largest issues overall that arise when you think of AI are all issues that would be human produced. For example the people are the ones that implement and integrate AI tech for their benefit.

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  11. Alexander Moumdjian

    The largest opportunity for AI is eliminating jobs which humans do not need to do. Jobs such as assembly and sorting, manufacturing, ect. Companies will be able to save money from AI and will not have to worry about things like workers compensation or any other extra payments they must make with humans. A large problem with AI is where do the people who had these jobs previously go? Millions will be displaced from their jobs, and with AI upcoming in the near future it is necessary to redistribute wealth from AI in order for these people to survive. A problem with trust would be another factor, the idea that someone in a government facility is watching your every move is quite the frightful one. Information gathered by these AI will be immense, and big data may as well be caused gigantic data.

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  12. Kelli Ober

    Obviously Artificial Intelligence(AI) has many positives, but with positives come negatives. Artificial Intelligence has quickly become a very important part of society and is expanding rapidly every day. An A.I. item that most individuals us on a daily basis is smart phones, where there is access to any information you need. People now have the ability to google their thoughts, look up the upcoming weather and/or connect with friends and family. In my opinion when Apple introduced Siri, this was the introduction of robots into society. Robots are brought to society by A.I., which are currently taking part in manual and tedious labor. Which has a positive impact on the quality of life of those people in those jobs. It also can free up time, so individuals can focus on more important things. With the positives come negatives in Artificial Intelligence. A.I. has the ability to collect data information constantly from those on the Web. Thus, decreasing the safety of those on the web, and the information they put out there. Making privacy a huge issue with A.I and the individuals on each end. With this A.I has the possibility to be hacked at any given time. Which would be a big issue for those industries with most of their private information handy on their hard drives. However, this doesn’t just go for big companies, hackers are interested in any information that they can get their hands on. Making all people subject to hacking.

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  13. Jessica Abel

    1. What are the two biggest opportunities for society presented by AI?
    2. What are the two biggest problems for society presented by AI?

    Two of the biggest issues is the security issues when using artificial intelligence and also the ethical and moral impact of replacing employees with AI and reducing the amount of jobs available to humans. As the technology becomes more powerful, the more it may be used for corrupt reasons besides the obvious good ones. This applies not only to robots created to replace human soldiers, or automatic weapons, but to artificial intelligence systems that can cause harm if used maliciously. Cybersecurity will need to become even more important with the further use of AI’s. Furthermore, we are dealing with a system that is faster and more capable than us in most capacities of human abilities. Also, as we have invented ways to automate jobs, we could create room for people to assume more complex roles, moving from the physical work that currently dominates the world to more cognitive labour that uses strategic and administrative work in our society. Most people still rely on using their time to have enough income to sustain themselves and their families to keep them from falling into poverty but so these AI’s could potentially jeopardize that. We can only hope that this opportunity will enable people to find meaning in other non-labour types of activities, such as caring for their families, engaging with their communities and learning new ways to contribute to human society.

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  14. Eric Laxdal

    2. What are the two biggest problems for society presented by AI?
    some of the biggest problems that AI presents for society is the fact that it will very likely replace a large number of the workforce because of its superior efficiency and ability to process real time data. this displacement of employed people could have a huge impact on society as there would be a significant amount of the population unemployed, this would lead to a greater level of poverty among the population unless steps were taken to offset this unemployment somehow. another issue is that the AI software can tend to be biased based on who programmed it. in todays society when people rely heavily on IT systems to make decisions, having a biased piece of AI collecting and spreading data could be detrimental to businesses and people if they don’t fit the mould of the person who programmed the AI. the other factor is it being used to monitor and change the narrative of what is being said i the media and on social platforms, while it may seem like a good idea to filter out negativity online we have to be careful that AI is not shutting down people that have a difference of option to the person who coded it. it has the potential to stop conversations for taking place which is never a good thing.

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  15. Melinda

    One of the opportunities that AI presents to society is the potential to improve working conditions. In terms of physically demanding jobs and mass production this could possibly influence the physical human capacity needed to fulfill day to day operations on job sites and in warehouses. You might expect to see more motivated workers and better productivity because of less human fatigue during operations. AI might present opportunities where overtime hours are less extensive which would mean shorter days for employees and more time dedicated to communication/socialization. The second opportunity I see is the innovation for medical/technological breakthrough. A huge criticism I have with AI is the risk associated with addiction and encouragement of rapid convenience but I support ideas of AI improving medical practices and creating answers for the best interest of society. I think in a lot of ways AI has the potential to reduce societal stress and health concerns if used correctly.

    The biggest concern with AI is obviously its impact on society and our economy. With utilizing this technology are we really making things better? or are we creating a different wicked problem to be addressed. I think there does need to be government regulation for how much use is too much use because the reliance of technology can have negative implications and I don’t support using AI to the extent of not being able to do something for ourselves. Too much reliance is also an issue, there needs to be some sort of balance. The second concern I have is the ethics and the privacy involved. It is scary to think about how much information of your personal lives is being shared and stored and having such advanced technology also brings upon experienced hackers. example: Medical records being stored on a database, this information should be private and holds security concerns if information is leaked. Regulations and precautions need to be considered so that we ensure societal privacy and security is still being met.

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  16. Norman Gould

    One opportunity for AI is reducing risk like in the example of how Facebook uses an image classifier algorithm to automatically remove nude photos and videos. While a simple example of how AI is used, it ensures that laws and people rights are not violated. Another opportunity is AI becoming more human. As Fei-Fei Li stated there is nothing artificial about AI, it “is made by humans, intended to behave by humans and, ultimately, to impact humans lives and human society”.
    Trust is one of the biggest problem with AI, in that is information being shared in an inappropriate way, is “big brother” watching over everything I do. Are companies benefiting from my information without my knowledge and who is the gate keeper ensuring that me as an individual is protected. Another major issue is that it is perceived that AI will cause loss of jobs but as Jeff Wilke stated that tech doesn’t eliminated work; it changes work. An example of this is that they built 100000 robots but at the same time hired 300000 people.

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  17. Braden Marks

    A big opportunity for the incorporation of AI into society would be the vast increase of efficiency and productivity of tasks into everyday tasks that would otherwise be tedious or taken a much longer time. For example, Facebook explains how it will use AI technology to get rid of fake news, toxicity and inappropriate content faster and more effectively, as they are currently just using an automated system at the moment. This is an example of how AI can be an opportunity to benefit businesses in a positive manner. It is inevitable that artificial intelligence is the future. AI proves to benefit corporations and society in positive ways but there are threats to implementing AI towards specific areas of work. AI will also take over many jobs, and even though they are more efficient, they will replace people and many people will lose work as a direct impact of the implementation of AI. AI will also not be effective in every area of work. As Facebook stated, AI would help them benefit fake news sources, for example, but there is a point where human intervention is needed to judge to what degree a post is deemed inappropriate. As stated in the article, a comment like, “nice jacket”, said from MR. Schroepfer, could be deemed sarcastic or just someone being genuinely nice. And, like said before, when trying to enforce hate speech human intervention must be present and would always be necessary because there are some jobs AI cannot quite achieve at the moment.

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  18. Grant Stewart

    What are the two biggest opportunities for society presented by AI?

    The biggest opportunities around AI are mostly in the form of eliminating jobs that are now unnecessary for a human to do. Things like taking orders or sorting things, these kinds of jobs can be totally eliminated with AI and society will be better off for it. It saves companies money by not needing to staff those positions and it frees people up to do more important and necessary jobs. Another opportunity for AI is convenience. Things like driving the car and making sure the temperature in the house is at an appropriate level are things that a computer can do and monitor 24/7

    What are the two biggest problems for society presented by AI?

    The biggest problem is closely related to the biggest opportunity with the question what do we do with the people that were in those menial jobs? A lot of people are very worried about the elimination of minimum wage jobs to machines, a totally valid concern. A lot of governments are proposing a universal basic income, which should be effective at helping the people affected by this but is it enough? Are there enough conceptual level jobs that can be filled by all of the people that previously worked minimum wage? Another big problem is who is in charge of all the AI and how will it be regulated. Governments are very slow machines will legislation be able to keep up with the ever expanding and changing technology?

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  19. Ian Hymers

    1. What are the two biggest opportunities for society presented by AI?
    AI presents some amazing opportunities for society. The two biggest are the increase in efficiency it can provide and the ease of access it can provide for our everyday life. AI in combination with several other technologies can work together to help us get work done more efficiently. For example, the use of digital calendars and their recognition of dates based on emails and texts. The other opportunity is the ease of access it provides us. Devices like the Google Home enable users to use AI for access to all sorts of features like playing music, scheduling dates, etc.

    2. What are the two biggest problems for society presented by AI?
    The two biggest problems presented by AI are the potentially threats presented by the increasing prevalence of AI in our everyday life and the addictive aspects of AI. Firstly, we are very eager to research and use AI in our lives, but what about the threats that figures like Stephen Hawking propose? These threats are very feasible and should be closely controlled. Secondly, the addictive nature of the AI app developers are implementing in their apps is alarming. App developers engineer their apps to take advantage of human nature to want more of something they love to feel.

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  20. Ben Cowan

    1. What are the two biggest opportunities for society presented by AI?
    The two biggest opportunities AI offers to society are an overall improvement in the efficiency of everyday tasks and daily lives, and the potential for an ever-increasing level of change and innovation in various aspects of society. AI has already made significant changes to our daily lives, often without us even being aware of it. One example the article highlights is the ability of Facebook to almost instantly screen and remove instances of inappropriate material, such as pornography or nudity. Because of this, one could argue that the average Facebook user is no longer exposed to any significant amount of such content, even if before exposure was relatively brief. As to the potential for an ever-increasing societal level of change and innovation, the article also makes pains to highlight the perspective that, rather than eliminate large numbers of jobs, AI technology will serve instead to redefine large numbers of jobs; I interpret this as a goal of reducing the amount of time workers spend on “mundane tasks” and freeing them up to focus on innovation, which requires human input.
    2. What are the two biggest problems for society presented by AI?
    While the redefining of large numbers of jobs is presented above as an opportunity for innovation, it can also be interpreted as a threat to those in the workforce who rely on the availability of work that many would consider “mundane.” Not everyone would be able to adapt to jobs that are re-focused on innovation and a consistently changing workplace. A second problem would be the potential for technology failure to have an ever-increasing impact on our daily lives. No technology is perfect. If too much reliance is given to AI (even if that AI is working simultaneously alongside humans), the potential impacts of the technology failing for any length of time could be significant.

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  21. Kirana Stocker

    It’s no secret that Artificial Intelligence (AI) has just as many opportunities as it does threats. One of these opportunities is assisting humans with repetitive tasks. AI has the capability to performs tasks that humans have been doing on a day to day business. An example of this technology being used is image classification. Instead of a person searching for inappropriate images on Facebook, an algorithm has been created to automatically remove photos that are deemed to look pornographic. By using AI, efficiency in completing tasks such as this have been greatly improved upon. Using Al to find key words and images that a company would otherwise have several employees searching for seems like the most logical option for reducing both costs and time when running an organization.

    While the opportunity side of the spectrum seems ideal, there are some large drawbacks to Al that are worth mentioning. One of the concerns that comes with AI consists of the hands that hold it. AI technology could be used negatively if the wrong hands are able to do so. While on the subject of this technology being used in ways other than its intended to be used, AI could also be hacked. While we expect AI to be able to handle this problem itself, technology is rapidly developing which gives more room for people to find ways around AI. These potential threats could have a large impact on the success of AI in the future. If humans discover how to completely outsmart this technology, it will render the dedication and implementation of AI in organizations to be useless.

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  22. Zharen

    The biggest opportunities for society presented by AI is innovation and efficiency. As AI grows more technology will be developed to help solve for of our problems and improve our daily life activities. Some business that would use AI will be more efficient for examples, work in a manufacturing company where there are huge turn over because of the work environment that is work being repetitive. Using AI to do those job might increase productivity because of the time being used efficiently rather than time being used to find new employees and train them. However, having AI has brings problems in our society such as workers not having jobs anymore because company uses AI. The loss of job creates economic downturn. Another problem is being disconnected from personal connection and being lazy. If we have AI doing things for us, we become lazy and unproductive, and sometimes because some people think that having AI makes some people have company in their lives which is true but if someone just always connects with AI they will loss connection with the world and the personal touch from other people.

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  23. Lambee Mangal

    1. As Fei-Fei Li said, “do not be misled by the name ‘artificial intelligence’ – there is nothing artificial about it,” she said. “A.I. is made by humans, intended to behave by humans and, ultimately, to impact humans lives and human society.” Two of the biggest opportunities for society presented by AI is the ability to increase efficiency and improve people’s daily lives. AI can applied on social networks to ward off bad actors and keep its platform free of toxicity, monitoring and enforcing policies. Thus, AI can complete the work of a thousand employees in much less time. And while some people are concerned about jobs, it is believed that AI wouldn’t eliminate jobs, but rather change work. And since AI is here, and will continue to grow, it will be harder to ignore it than embrace it.

    2. However, downfalls of AI do exist. The biggest problems for society presented by AI involve the trust factor, also known as the “Crisis of Trust. Without a set of ethics and morals guiding this self-regulated industry, there is a growing concern about behaviors demonstrated by some companies.These companies focus on the addictive nature of these user interfaces and monitoring a person’s every move. Therefore government regulation of the tech industry is crucial to protect people’s privacy and from any ill-intended actions of these companies. In addition there’s concern that with innovations like self-driving cars and grocery stores without cashiers just around the corner, we’re about to move into a frightening new era of mass unemployment and social unrest. Furthermore, AI has its own flaws. Because in modern AI data rules, some of the biases in real word can be absorbed by AI.

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  24. Dale Smith

    1. What are the two biggest opportunities for society presented by AI?

    The biggest opportunities that I see for society are the increased ease of daily tasks through vast automation utilizing AI. These technologies will allow for quicker response times and further access to features and products that were previously unattainable to a large percentage of the population. Another major opportunity for AI is an inevitable reduction of costs of the average AI system or products which will further bolster their access to the public and corporations.

    2. What are the two biggest problems for society presented by AI?

    Who gets to decide what content to allow others to see? This is a problem with organization like facebook controlling what can be said and what can be viewed. Eventually these multinational corporations will be able to utilize an AI force to control the view on topics and censor what they don’t want seen. This sounded like a wacky conspiracy of years past but has become an undeniable reality. This has been seen in facebooks use of blocking news sources portraying facebook poorly and forcing favourable information of facebook onto everyones feeds. This cultivates an image of a company that cannot do wrong as they are able to control the narrative. There needs to be some sort of regulation onto these sort of actions or people lose the crucial information that they currently require. It is an add-on to the problem above but it the next problem is trust. How are consumers meant to trust certain sources and corporations if they have been caught several times attempting to shine favourable light on their company. I believe increased regulation will help instill consumer trust in the corporations and the AI they control and utilize.

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  25. Dylan Tomiyama

    1. What are the two biggest opportunities for society presented by AI?
    The two biggest opportunities for society presented by AI in my opinion are the incorporation of AI into everyday tasks in order to improve efficiency and reducing redundancy and the amount of jobs that will be created from the development and servicing of this type of technology. If AI is able to improve our everyday life and functions for both individuals and for businesses then there is an endless amount of AI technology that could potentially be developed. Also, if the technology is able to reduce redundant tasks that are usually performed by humans then that individual is able to allocate their time to matters that are more crucial and beneficial. The development and servicing of this technology will definitely require a large work force especially as the technology is adopted into everyday practice. These jobs create economic wealth and growth which is pivotal for the future development of and economy or state.

    2. What are the two biggest problems for society presented by AI?
    I believe the two biggest problems for society presented by AI are privacy concerns and breaches, and the consequences of the technology failing in a given situation. Without a doubt as technology improves there is always a dark side to it. What if the data collected from artificial intelligence is used for malicious purposes such as stealing an individual’s financial or medical information?. Also, what if the technology within a self-driving car for say fails and an individual is injured or killed. Who is then held liable for this accident? This aspect of AI will call for rules and regulations to be developed in order to deal with these kinds of issues presented by AI.

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  26. Scott

    Artificial intelligence can be really scary for many people to adapt to. We are now shouting commands at tiny machines, and the machines have the capability to respond with an intelligent answer. AI has not had a significant impact on the overall performance of the macro economy or the labor market, but it will likely become more important in the years to come, bringing substantial opportunities. Essentially there will be an evolution, not an overnight one but potentially one that will last decades. A concern for AI would be that there doesn’t seem to be enough of it, or we are not developing it fast enough. Competition from new and existing firms has always played an essential role in the creation and adoption of new technologies and innovations, and this is no different in the case of AI. Also, privacy does become a factor for most people, and that breaks down to the data that is being collected by the AI. If we can find a way to make AI more accessible while adding strong privacy regulations, we would be happy with the growth of the industry.

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  27. Scott Hill

    As shown in the article, one of the opportunities AI presents is the ability to regulate websites faster then humans. This means on websites like Facebook, that is used by people ages 13 and up, can ensure that content that breaks there rules will be taken down faster than before with their AI. The second opportunity AI presents is that it can make everyone lives more convenient. From self driving cars to the Amazon Alexis, these products make life easier then it was before.
    AI can also create problems. One problem is that is can cause the loss of jobs for some individuals. To be clear it wont reduce the amount of jobs available, but the jobs AI creates could not be suitable for the people who worked in the jobs that it took over, which would result in these people becoming unemployed. The second problem is that AI can be biased based on the people who programmed it.

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  28. Griffin Phillips

    What are the two biggest opportunities for AI
    The Biggest opportunities that I see with are being able to screen the content that is being put up automatically like facebook does although it still needs work to be able to automatically screen the fake news would save everyone time when browsing. Also, it would avoid all of the stupid things that come up such as “Katy Perry dead”. There is a market for this screening to reduce the amount of cyberbullying although it is hard to tell with things like are mentioned in the article such as “Nice jacket” where it could be a compliment or it could be a sarcastic jab directed at another user. Another opportunity I like that most others do not is its ability to see what you browse and provide suggestions to what you might want to see whether it is products or music. I think this is cool because often it is something that appeals to me.

    What are the two biggest problems with AI

    The two biggest problems with AI are when it is appropriate to use and when it invades privacy. These two items go hand in hand and are often most peoples largest issue when it comes to AI especially in marketing facebook has a great AI system that tracks the videos you watch, your interests and many other things. The idea behind this is so that it can better recommend things you may be interested in but many people believe that this is an invasion of privacy. The laws are very blurry around this type of technology because often you click an agreement when registering for these websites that allow them to do so. I would like to see where the laws end up as AI continues to grow.

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  29. James Braid

    The two biggest opportunities that AI can present humans is the ability to increase efficiency within organizations and to help technology companies quickly enforce policies. Companies can improve their efficiency using AI through having AI manage inventory needs by counting stock or keeping track of shipments. AI can do these tasks a lot faster than humans can and it allows the company to move the workers into areas where more people are needed. Another example is Amazon’s convenience stores without cashiers. It is easier for people to pay as they do not have to wait in lines and its better for the store as people will favour the no wait lines and spend more money there. The example of trying to enforce rules and regulations on social media is an extremely hard task for humans as it takes longer for people to view articles and offensive posts, whereas an AI machine can quickly scan the content and delete it much faster. One downside is that AI cannot read human emotions such as sarcasm, so some humans will still need to be searching.
    Two of the biggest downsides are the invasion of privacy that AI can cause and the relocating of jobs. The relocating of jobs is a problem because the jobs are moving to areas where an educated person might be needed not a manual labourer. This is a threat to society as many jobs such as inventory men, cashiers, and taxi drivers will be replaced by AI and these workers may not have the knowledge to obtain a different job. Privacy is becoming more and more of an issue with AI, one way is that AI can very easily and quickly gather information about people and sell it to the highest bidder. One way the data could be gathered is through the in-home AI people are using to control their houses. This data could potentially be sold to a company with bad intentions. Another example is Amazon’s Alexa randomly laughing, this is seen recently in the media the device will spontaneously start laughing for no-reason.

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  30. Heather Donahue

    AI comes with great opportunities. Some outlined in this article are Facebook’s use of AI to weed out false news – if Facebook implements this successfully, it can lead to further opportunities across other social media platforms and news groups to ensure that all news stories being presented is accurate. Some problems that AI can bring is the amount of influence AI has on human interaction. AI is ultimately sucking people in to their phones (for example) which is replacing the face-to-face human interaction that we used to have. Also, their is the bias issue – “AI is only as smart as the data used to train it”. It isn’t possible to include every piece of data in the world into one AI system.

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  31. Matthew Polischuk

    The use of AI to fight trouble makers, as it has been developed at facebook. The AI technology has been monitoring accounts to remove nudity and inappropriate content. This has been a more effective and maintains quicker reaction time than the previous employees who would have to sift through lots of data and pages. Amazon has maintained that AI will not be replacing jobs but shifting them to new areas. Essentially there will be an evolution, not an overnight one but potentially one that will last decades. When Amazon bought the Robot company Kiva Systems they built 100,000 robots but also hired 300,000 people. There is that mix and balance that will be in place, the general sense that “we still need human judgement”.

    The trust factor, know as the “Crisis of Trust”. Without a set of ethics and morals guiding this self regulated industry we are growing concerned about the behaviours that are demonstrated by some companies. The example of facebook messenger is similar to using “candy cigarettes” for children. The addictive nature of a lot of the programming and apps calls into question of the ethical nature of this development. Especially with the rise of AI technology and the future of more chatbots. If algorithms are developed that target these addictive points in the average human, is this helping humanity or is it only benefiting/profiting a specific company/industry and leaving a wake of dependant consumers? This ties into another point in the article which asked the question what if AI technology is biased? As demonstrated race is detectable and the implications of this on the technological front could be quite devastating if it was targeted in an unethical manner.

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  32. pelumi132

    It is safe to say that artificial intelligence is the future. AI technology being implemented around us in one way or another also almost every aspect of our daily life. Applying this new technology at such a fast rate will present both opportunities as well as some problems. AI has not had a significant impact on the aggregate performance of the macro economy or the labor market. But it will likely become more important in the years to come, bringing substantial opportunities. The most significant worry I have about AI is that we will not have enough of it and that we need to do more to make sure we can continue to make ground-breaking discoveries that will raise productivity growth, improving the lives of people throughout the world. Competition from new and existing firms has always played an essential role in the creation and adoption of new technologies and innovations, and this is no different in the case of AI. Start-ups are a critical pathway for the commercialization of innovative new ideas and products. Start-ups, or the possibility of entry by a start-up, also incentivize established firms to innovate and reduce costs.

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  33. Nicole Klein

    Artificial intelligence is here and thriving, bringing with it an array of new possibilities. That being said, artificial intelligence can be really scary for many people to adapt to. We are now shouting commands at tiny machines, and the machines have the capability to respond with an intelligent answer. Furthermore, there is many advocates for artificial intelligence who call for regulators to stand down. Michael Kratsios, who is the deputy chief technology officer at the White House, argues that regulators stand in the way of advancements in emerging technologies. He presses that progress toward a repeal of some regulations on commercial drones has been negatively impacted by rules. For instance, commercial drones are not allowed to fly at night. This limits drone usage to daylight, which has further implications for timeliness and convenience for consumers. For people like Kratsios, it is key to get ahead of regulatory hurdles. Such hurdles are putting technological advancements like commercial drone usage at a standstill.
    On the other hand, tech giants currently face an issue of ‘crisis of trust’. Furthermore, when it comes to artificial intelligence, there is nothing artificial about it. Technologists are starting to take a more human-centered approach to the creation of artificial intelligence. Researchers work to ensure that artificial intelligence embodies human qualities. This may combat the issue of trust when it comes to utilizing technology for important matters. On top of this, having artificial intelligence take a more humanly approach may ultimately lead to technologies operating alongside humans instead of replacing them.

    Reply

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